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Plant and Tree Care

Posted on 15 January 2011

Plant and Tree CareApril 13, 2009
by Jessica Brandt for the Landscape Network
The seasons bring us changes in temperatures, changes in sunlight, and changes in our landscaping. Your trees and plantings are what make your yard beautiful and to have them look their best year after year required the right care to ensure that they continue to grow and beautify.

Trees and plants are subject to disturbances both above the ground and below the ground. Roots are the integral base of any plant and tree and are fragile. Excessive disturbance of the roots of any plant can cause signs of stress or even death. Whenever excavating or digging in your yard, keep this in mind. The roots of your trees can generally extend the width of the canopies that they provide. Deciduous trees tend to spread out, while coniferous trees tend to aim slightly outward and down. There are many different schools of thought on how to diagnose and correct problems with trees and there are only few areas where arborists come to mutual agreements. If you have trees that need attention, you should probably contact your local arborist, as this is their specialty. For plants and perennials, there are companies that only focus on gardens and plantings. Trees are a specialty item, so they should be seen by an arborist.

When pruning your trees, use great caution. Every time you cut a tree you are creating a wound. Every time you make a cut, you are also ridding trees of the leaves that provide the photosynthesis that causes the tree to grow. By trimming your trees properly, you can help them to achieve growth to more key areas. By thinning out your trees, you are ridding them of branches and leaves that are stealing away energy from the main part of the tree that needs that energy to continue to grow.

Trees that are planted in color climates can often benefit from being wrapped in the winter while they are young. Wrapping a tree provides an insulation during the winter when the tree is young. This will help the survival rate of the tree and protect it from air that can reach well below freezing, which can be damaging to newly planted trees.

Winter time watering is essential for proper growth and establishment. Although a newly planted tree may look like it has no life in the winter, with no leaves or growth, it is very alive and standing by for spring time when it gets more light and seeks to grow upward and outward. Newly installed trees need to receive moisture in the winter time to achieve the best success. When conditions allow, your trees should be watered once monthly to keep the tree and roots moist. Don’t bother watering your plants and trees when they are somewhat covered in snow, as this is a good sign that the ground is frozen and will not be accepting any water.

There are several factors that play a role in when a plant will flower. Sunlight, soil conditions, and nutrients can all play a large role in making your landscaping beautiful. Many perennials and shrubs will grow without any nutrients. These plants want to grow on their own, and don’t necessarily need any help to do so – but, you can make a big difference with timed feedings to all of your shrubs and plantings. Perennials will really enjoy an occasional feeding and they will reward you by increasing in size and producing much larger flowers. As with any fertilizer, use great caution to be sure that you are not over-fertilizing your plants. Over-fertilizing can have very adverse affects, stunt growth, and even possibly kill your plantings.

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